陈凌新:“危”与“机”

原文始发于微信公众号(瑞中法协):陈凌新:“危”与“机”






陈凌新:“危”与“机”

陈凌新是新加坡最高法院的高级律师。他是新加坡国际仲裁中心的副主席和国际商会仲裁和非诉讼程序委员会的成员。他是一家国际律师事务所的前全球仲裁主管,也是新加坡仲裁员协会(SIArb)的前任主席。本文为陈凌新律师在SCLA2020全球法律领导者论坛上的致辞。




尊敬的嘉宾和朋友们:


我感谢瑞中法协邀请我参加这个特别的夜晚。

 

我今晚要讲的是 “危机与机遇”。约翰-肯尼迪有一句著名但错误的话:”中国的 “危机 “一词由两个字组成,一个代表危险,另一个代表机遇。”

 

今晚深圳的人当然都知道肯尼迪错了。危机中的“机”并不是 “机会 “的意思。其实,它的意思是类似于关键时刻的变化。因此,”危机”表示危险的时刻。

 

尽管对 “危机 “一词有这样的误解,但 “危中有机 “这句话还是有道理的。在今年的中国人民政治协商会议上,习主席敦促中国领导人在危机中寻找和创造机会。习主席今年政协会议上的时候说:危机中育新机,变局中开新局。我们都赞同的是,2020年是一个巨大的危机之年。

 

是否有任何积极的东西值得反思?我们是否学到了什么,我们是否真正地调整了我们的做事方式?答案是肯定的。在此,我只想谈一个重要的例子–环境。

 

2019年11月我们启动了 “绿色仲裁承诺”,以评估国际仲裁的碳影响。一个中等规模的仲裁案件需要将近2万棵树来抵消排放–相当于中央公园的所有树木。2018年,9个主要仲裁机构的总案件量达到6189件。这将需要大约1.2亿棵树来抵消产生的碳足迹。一个 “标准 “仲裁所产生的排放量中,93%是航空旅行的结果。

 

由于流行病的影响,律师们了解到,我们不需要出差就可以作为一个团队工作。我们甚至不需要在一个地方进行法庭或仲裁听证会。我们使用的电子文件也比硬拷贝多。不仅仅是律师。根据全球碳项目的数据,今年的二氧化碳排放量下降了7%,创下了历史新高。

 

几十年来,许多城市的空气质量首次得到了改善,以至于人们可以真正看到和呼吸到不同的空气。

 

然而,这种二氧化碳排放量的减少虽然很有希望,但对于本世纪末世界气温上升3摄氏度以上的危险轨道来说,几乎没有任何改变。幸运的是,有一些国家正在努力改变现状。9月,中国承诺到2060年实现碳中和。消息令人无比振奋。如果中国能实现2060年的这一目标,它将极大地减缓全球变暖,将本世纪末全球气温控制在仅上升2.1摄氏度范围内。这使世界接近《巴黎协定》中温度上升不到2摄氏度的目标。

 

新冠疫情给人们带来了很多痛苦。但新冠疫情告诉世界,我们不能把我们目前的生活方式视为理所当然。目前的这场危机表明,我们在必要的时候应当作出调整以更好地适应这个世界。如果我们利用这个机会来改善我们的生活方式和工作方式,那么用习主席的话说,我们就会在危机中找到机会。

 

在此,我祝愿大家在2021年幸福安康。


陈凌新


新加坡国际仲裁院副主席

Essex Court Chambers Duxton




Honourable guests and colleagues,


I am grateful to SCLA for inviting me to join you for this evening’s special programme.


The theme of my opening remarks this evening is Crisis and Opportunity. John F Kennedy famously but mistakenly said that “The Chinese word “Crisis” is composed of two characters, one represents danger, and the other represents opportunity.”


Everybody in Shenzhen tonight knows ofcourse that JFK was wrong. The “ji” in weiji does not mean “opportunity”. In fact, it means something like a critical moment of change. Therefore, “weiji” indicates a moment of danger.


Not with standing this misconstruction of the word “weiji”, there is truth in the statement that “In every crisis, there is an opportunity”.


At the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference this year, President Xi urged Chinese leaders to find and create opportunities during the crisis.


One thing we all know and agree is that 2020 has been a year of tremendous crisis.

 

Is there any positive thing to take away from it at all? Have we learnt anything and have we actually adapted to improve our way of doing things?


The answer is yes. I will speak about just one important example – the environment.

 

The Pledge for Greener Arbitrations was launched in November 2019 to assess the carbon impact of international arbitrations. A medium-sized arbitration required just under 20,000 trees to offset emissions – equivalent to all the trees in Central Park.


The total caseload for 2018, at nine of the major arbitration institutions, amounted to 6,189 cases. This would require approximately 120 million trees to offset the carbon footprint generated.


93% of emissions generated by a ‘standard’ arbitration were a result of air travel.

 

Due to the pandemic, lawyers have learnt that we do not need to travel to work as a team. We do not even have to be in one place to conduct acourt or arbitration hearing. We have also used electronic documents more than hard copies.


Let’s not just look at lawyers.

 

According to the Global Carbon Project, CO2 emissions fell by a record 7% this year.

 

For the first time in decades, the air quality in many cities improved so much that people can actually see and breathe the difference.


However, this reduction in CO2 emissions, though promising, hardly makes any difference at all to the world’s dangerous track of more than 3 deg Crise in temperature by the end of this century.


Fortunately, there are countries which are trying to make a difference. In September, China promised to be carbon neutral by 2060. This is exciting. If China can achieve this 2060 goal, it will single-handedly slow down global warming to the extent that global temperatures will increase by only 2.1 deg C by the end of the century. It brings the world close to the Paris Agreement target of less than 2 deg C increase in temperature.


There has been a lot of suffering caused by the pandemic. But the pandemic has taught the world that we cannot take our current lifestyle for granted. This present crisis shows that the world can adapt when it becomes necessary to do so. If we use this opportunity to improve the way we live and the way we work, then we would have, in the words of President Xi, found opportunities in a crisis.


On that note, I wish you all a healthy and happy 2021.

 

 

Chan Leng Sun, SC


Essex Court Chambers Duxton, Singapore

 





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